Bricks have always been one of the most popular home building materials because they are aesthetically pleasing. Bricks are made of fired earth and are secured with mortar (a mix of cement sand and water acting as the bonding agent). (Source: Made How) Some of the most common types of bricks include burnt clay, sand lime, engineering, concrete, and fly ash.
Bricks are perfect for walls and pillars because they provide fire and wind protection. They can also be used for flooring, preferably in the outdoors because of their texture. Bricks are naturally energy efficient. They have thermal mass properties which allow them to store and release heat slowly. (Source: The Brick Industry Association)
Stones are versatile. They are preferred by many homeowners because they are durable and they have character. In fact, stones come in different classifications: sandstone, limestone, marble, granite, slate, etc. (Source: Stones Initiatives) They can be used for walls, floorings, and even countertops.
Stones can be shaped or cut depending in the home design, which is probably why they are commonly used for custom homes. (Source: Sustainable Build) Just like bricks, stone walls are also bonded using mortar.
Wood is commonly used for floorings, walls, decks and ceilings. Some of the most common types of wood used for home building are usually hardwoods such as oak, maple, cherry, ash, mahogany, and many more. Softwoods such as cedar, redwood and pine are still used for certain instances though.
Wood adds a vintage and environmental vibe in a home. Another good thing about this material is that it’s reusable. You can use it for a lot of purposes. It also helps in reducing energy use. It is a natural insulator and is durable.
4. Clay Tile
Clay tile is a popular material used for roofing because of its durability and beauty. This type of roofing does not require too much maintenance. It also comes in different sizes, colors, shapes, and designs which makes it perfect for custom homes. (Source: Verrone Roofing)
Clay tile is also made of heated clay molded into tile. The process of installing this material depends on the style of the home.
Stucco is a popular exterior finish material for luxury homes. It is a cement plaster type material applied over the walls. It is a mixture of cement, sand and lime. (Source: About.com) Stucco is environmentally clean and safe. It allows air infiltration that’s why it also helps in keeping your home fresh and comfortable. (Source: Kenyon Plastering)
This finishing material comes in different colors and can also be designed according to your preferences. It is perfect for custom luxury homes.
How these materials are used and their volume vary depending on the design of the property. Hence, the cost of using these materials may also differ.